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As described in the production installation chapter,
the Mender production stack requires a number of Docker volumes to be created. These
volumes can be backed up using regular docker commands, such as
docker run or
A simple example displaying a method of backing up the contents of the
mender-artifacts volume is provided below. The command will start a temporary
container using the
alpine:latest image, mount the
mender-artifacts volume under
/from path and
/to. Then all files and directories under
/from are passed through the
tar | gzip pipeline and saved to
/to/artifacts-backup.tar.gz. Once the container exits, the file
$PWD/artifacts-backup.tar.gz can be verified to have correct contents.
docker run -it --rm -v mender-artifacts:/from -v $PWD:/to -w /from \ alpine \ ash -c 'tar c * | gzip -9 > /to/artifacts-backup.tar.gz'
This method can be applied to all volumes used by the Mender stack.
Make sure that the relevant services are stopped before backing up respective volumes.
While it is possible to perform a backup of the databases used by Mender services with the volume based method outlined in volumes section, one can also use DB specific tools to dump and restore database contents.
The Mender integration repository provides tools for dumping and restoring all databases.
dump-db will run a mongo container inside the mender network and dump
the contents of each DB into
Stopping menderproduction_mender-deployments_1 ... done Stopping menderproduction_mender-inventory_1 ... done Stopping menderproduction_mender-useradm_1 ... done Stopping menderproduction_mender-device-auth_1 ... done Starting mender-mongo ... done 2017-06-06T11:20:05.004+0000 writing admin.system.version to 2017-06-06T11:20:05.024+0000 done dumping admin.system.version (1 document) 2017-06-06T11:20:05.024+0000 writing useradm.migration_info to 2017-06-06T11:20:05.024+0000 writing useradm.users to 2017-06-06T11:20:05.025+0000 done dumping useradm.migration_info (1 document) (output continues...) 2017-06-06T11:20:05.315+0000 done dumping deployment_service.migration_info (1 document)
restore-db will run a mongo container inside the mender network to restore
DB dumps previously created with
Stopping menderproduction_mender-deployments_1 ... done Stopping menderproduction_mender-inventory_1 ... done Stopping menderproduction_mender-useradm_1 ... done Stopping menderproduction_mender-device-auth_1 ... done Starting mender-mongo ... done 2017-06-06T11:35:09.988+0000 preparing collections to restore from 2017-06-06T11:35:10.088+0000 reading metadata for useradm.migration_info from /srv/db-dump/mender-mongo/useradm/migration_info.metadata.json (output continues...) 2017-06-06T11:35:14.563+0000 no indexes to restore 2017-06-06T11:35:14.563+0000 finished restoring deployment_service.migration_info (1 document) 2017-06-06T11:35:14.563+0000 done
dump-db will automatically stop all Mender services that may access respective DBs.
Once the data has been dumped or restored, the services can be started using
./run up -d
menderproduction_mender-mongo_1 is up-to-date menderproduction_mender-elasticsearch_1 is up-to-date menderproduction_mender-gui_1 is up-to-date menderproduction_minio_1 is up-to-date menderproduction_mender-redis_1 is up-to-date Starting menderproduction_mender-device-auth_1 Starting menderproduction_mender-inventory_1 Starting menderproduction_mender-useradm_1 menderproduction_storage-proxy_1 is up-to-date menderproduction_mender-conductor_1 is up-to-date Starting menderproduction_mender-deployments_1 menderproduction_mender-api-gateway_1 is up-to-date
Occasionally services may get new IP addresses and the API gateway DNS cache may no longer be correct. To refresh the API gateway's cache, run the following command:
./run exec mender-api-gateway kill -HUP 1