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As an example, to illustrate potential pain points we will use a Versatile
Express CortexA9x4 board, emulated under QEMU (
vexpress-a9 target). The board
comes with 128MB of CFI NOR flash, provided in form of 2 * 64MB dies. Respective
details may slightly differ for NAND flash or SPI NOR flash devices.
It is possible to build a Yocto image and inspect all the details of Mender
integration by adding the
meta-mender-qemu layer to the build. The layer
vexpress-qemu-flash machine and includes all necessary pieces to
enable MTD and UBI support.
In order to test raw flash support under QEMU, a QEMU version >= 2.9 is required (see the output of
qemu-system-arm --version command). Earlier versions contain a bug in CFI flash support that renders flash support on
Add the following to
local.conf and run
INHERIT += "mender-full-ubi" ... MACHINE = "vexpress-qemu-flash"
A successful build will produce a
vexpress-nor image in
$ ls -shLl tmp/deploy/images/vexpress-qemu-flash/core-image-minimal-vexpress-qemu-flash.vexpress-nor 129M -rw-r--r-- 2 user user 129M 07-18 15:34 tmp/deploy/images/vexpress-qemu-flash/core-image-minimal-vexpress-qemu-flash.vexpress-nor
vexpress-nor image is a tar file that contains an image for each of the
nor 'drives' emulated by QEMU. It is specific to QEMU and will not generally be used for other devices, which will usually use either
The image can be run by calling a
mender-qemu helper script provided in
QEMU_SYSTEM_ARM=$HOME/qemu-install/bin/qemu-system-arm \ DISK_IMG=tmp/deploy/images/vexpress-qemu-flash/core-image-minimal-vexpress-qemu-flash.vexpress-nor \ MACHINE=vexpress-qemu-flash \ ../meta-mender/meta-mender-qemu/scripts/mender-qemu
QEMU_SYSTEM_ARM environment variable can be used to provide a path to
qemu-system-arm binary. When empty or not defined, the script will call
qemu-system-arm available in your